Are you fascinated with the closed glass environments containing beautiful small plants? Planning to create a terrarium for yourselves, but not sure which plants to use? Don’t worry, we have a ready list of plants which you can use to grow in your terrariums.
There are two types of terrariums. Closed and open. Below, we have curated the list of plants for closed terrariums.
Terrariums are usually sealed glass containers containing plants and soil. This is a unique and quite beautiful technique where the plants are grown in sealed containers by creating a forest-like condition and providing them with all the essential nutrients and conditions. In this situation they thrive to grow much faster with low maintenance.
First developed by a renowned botanist Nathaniel Bagshaw ward, where he noticed that an accidently encapsulated fern spore in a jar, grew into a plant.
The concept behind terrariums is that the plants undergo transpiration in which the water from the plant parts evaporates into the air (water cycle). However, due to sealed condition the water condenses on the walls of the container and falls back into the soil. This makes water available to the plants again for the next cycle and helps them to survive.
Excess moisture is removed by unsealing the container.
succulents/drought resistant plants would not be a good option for closed terrariums. Tropical plants, shrubs, herbs, sterile mosses and climbers are great options for making your terrarium even more beautiful. Terrariums behave like small greenhouses, and are very high on humidity. This means plants from tropical climates which love humidity are best for terrariums.
This is one of the most common indoor plant often grown in hanging baskets. They have tiny white, three petaled flowers, and green pointed 1-inch leave with purple wiry shoots.
There are many varieties of Bridal veils plant. They are native to Jamaica, and like warm climate with high humidity and sandy loam soil.
Since these plants are creepers growing upwards, it will make one’s terrarium look bulky with its beautiful flowers and leaves.
All the terrarium suited plants love high humidity. Maiden hair is one among them, native to tropical and subtropical South America. Its evergreen, delicate and feathery leaves adorn and give magnificent fragrance. The maiden hair is so called because it has shiny dark stalks resembling human hair.
These plants do not produce flowers and propagate through spores or by division, making it available abundantly during rainy season in India.
The green cottony leaves of Asparagus are very delicate and finely structured. They are found native to Southern Africa and tropical and subtropical regions of India.
They belong to Liliacae family and propagate by division of the shoots along with roots. The plant is a climber and can grow upto 1-2 m in length, which makes it a best suit to terrarium.
Asparagus is grown as an ornamental plants indoors. Needs bright light,and high humidity. It is a fast and easy growing plant. They can be propagated through seeds as well but it generally takes lot of time to germinate. Propagating by removing the overcrowded clumps with a knife and repotting the tuberous roots will be a faster and easy process.
The fruits of Asparagus are bright red in color, and are considered to be noxious. You must avoid eating or chewing them.
Pepperomia plants are relatively beautiful, compact and easy to grow plants. They are native to Central America, Southern America. They are also commonly found in most of the tropical and sub-tropical regions.
Pepperomia plants have trailing stout stems, with dark green fleshy heart shaped leaves. They produce tiny flowers which are yellow to brown in color and appear as spikes.
These plants are mostly grown as ornamental plants. They need moist soil, high humidity conditions and indirect bright light to enhance its fast and compact growing processes.
Pepperomia plants are known to be toxic plants and should be kept away from childrens.
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Selaginella Plants are often referred to as Spikemoss, Tropical club mosses and peacock mosses.
They are vascular plants from the family Selaginellaceae, and are found native to tropical and subtropical regions of America, Asia, China, Japan, North America, Mexico, South Africa and Australia.
It has unusual branching foliage resembling like moss but are really tiny ferns. selaginella species are creeping, climbing or trailing plants. They create a dense mat with its limitless dividing stems. Selaginella propagate through spores and needs high humidity with bright light, and hence, are among the best closed terrarium plants. Sometimes, slightly brown color appears at the centre of the plants. repotting is necessary to avoid these brown spots.
Pilea microphylla is a short lived perennial flowering plant, showing dense growth habit covering the ground with its evergreen leaves. It is native to Mexico and Brazil and grows 8-12” tall.
The leaves are tiny green, succulent textured and are most commonly seen growing on rocks taking a name of rock-weed.
Also known as Artillary plant because the tiny, green, male flowers spread the pollen into the air in an explosive-like manner. These fern like creeper plants love high humidity and thus, are most suited for closed terrariums. They need bright light to spread widely.
Tillandsia also known as Air plant is a species of flowering plant in the bromeliad family.
It is native to forests mountains and deserts of Central and South America, and the southern United States.
The plant comes under the category of epiphytes where it grows on tall branches of trees to take their nutrients to thrive. It is a very easy to grow plant with minimal care.
Tillandsia plants are available in enormous size, texture, color, bloom, giving you various options to choose for your indoor and outdoor decoration. They need artificial bright light or partial shade, good air circulation, and high humid conditions to grow better. There affinity for humidity makes them one of the best plants for closed terrariums.
Soleirolii is known via various names such as Baby’s tears, mother of thousands, and angel’s tears.
They are native to sub-tropical and tropical regions of America. It has tiny, round leaves creeping downwards with minute pinkish -white flowers which blooms in summer.
Baby tears has moss like appearance and known for its low growing habit, attaining a height of 6-inch. It works well as a ground cover in closed terrariums where the soil is moist and has elevated humidity.
As it has moss like feature, it can be propagated easily by dividing from the clusters along with the roots and pressing it in the moist soil.
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Pteris cretica also known as Ribbon fern and Cretan brake, is an evergreen fern belonging to Pteridaceae family. The pteris genus has wide variety of species and are found native to Europe Asia and Africa.
The pteris cretica have flat green pinnate fronds each bearing upto 5-leaves. These plants are widely grown in nurseries and as indoor houseplants. However, with its small fern like resemblance, it acts as a good terrarium plant as well. Pteris fern is quite hardy and requires adequate moisture, bright light, and moist soil to do well.
Pteris ferns are mainly propagated by spores, but it is a time consuming process with much care. The easier method is to divide the rhizome/root ball with some healthy fronds and repot it.
Also referred by names like David Dixon, blood leaf, beefsteak, is a genus of flowering plants belonging to amaranth family. It is often used as ornamental foliage. It is native to Brazil and tropical regions of America.
It is distinguished by its red stems, and its vivid leaves. The leaves are oval in shades of bright red or purple-red color designed by light red colored veins, and produces tiny unnoticeable greenish-white flowers.
Potted indoor Iresine grow much smaller, when compared to its native habitat making it suitable for closed lid terrarium and can spread upto 3” tall. It is a short lived perennial herbaceous subshrub, and easily grown from cuttings. It requires sun exposure and wet soil for best foliage color.